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Disease Areas

Type 2 Diabetes


What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a person’s body becomes incapable of using the glucose (sugar) provided by the food. The body uses a hormone called insulin to transfer the glucose from the blood stream into the cells of the body, where it is stored. When a person becomes diabetic the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use it properly.
 
As a result the glucose remains in the blood instead of being transported into the cells which then causes high levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia). There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 occurs when the body cannot produce insulin.
 
In type 2 diabetes the cells in the body do not respond correctly to insulin and this phenomenon is called insulin resistance. Often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms in the beginning. The early symptoms include fatigue, hunger, increased thirst, increased urination or frequent/slow healing bladder, kidney or skin infections.
 

What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly over time and is mainly observed in people who are obese. Increased amount of fat in the body makes it harder for the cells to use insulin in the proper manner and the cells therefore become resistant to insulin. People with a family history of diabetes are at a higher risk to develop Type 2 diabetes.

Sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, age above 45 and excess body weight around the waist play important roles in type 2 diabetes. Once a person gets diabetes it remains for life but proper treatment is important at any age. Untreated diabetes causes high blood pressure and high cholesterol which can lead to a number of complications, such as eye damage or blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, nerve and blood vessel damage that can lead to amputations.

Diabetes cannot be cured but it can be treated by controlling the blood sugar level either by medication, diet or exercise. Keeping blood sugar levels very close to the ideal levels can minimize the symptoms and can delay or even prevent the complications.

If you suffer from diabetes and want to learn more about participating in a clinical trial, please fill out the form, and we will contact you with more information.